By Julia Barnes
The booklet describes how a trilingual baby within the Basque kingdom, the place Spanish and Basque are the languages of the neighborhood, is ready to effectively gather English at domestic via interplay together with her mom. It specializes in her acquisition of the shape and serve as of English questions.
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Extra resources for Early Trilingualism: A Focus on Questions (Second Language Acquisition)
Early questions at Stage A consist of one or two words with rising intonation. At Stage B, as questions increase in length, they follow the word order of declarative sentences. At Stage C the child starts to invert yes/no questions, perhaps realising that question formation requires ‘fronting’ (movement towards the beginning of the sentence), before going on to correctly invert yes/no questions and to insert the auxiliary do where appropriate. At Stages D–F the child perfects inversion and insertion of do, and tag questions develop.
The following pages review the literature available on early multilingualism obtained from descriptive studies and the findings from studies that focus on specific linguistic areas. Descriptive studies Several sources describe children who appear to be trilingual and multilingual from birth or infancy. References to families using a variety of languages can be found in De Jong (1986), Harding and Riley (1986), and Arnberg (1987) and regularly feature in the Bilingual Family Newsletter. One such report is by Turrell (1997) who describes a Catalan/Spanish/English trilingual child.
0 Limited number of routines: What(s) that? Where NP go? What NP doing? 5 More complex sentences being asked but without development of question forms: What soldier marching? Where my mitten? Why you waking me up? 5 Development of auxiliary verbs in entire grammatical system. Inversion of auxiliary and subject NP in yes/no questions but not in whquestions: What I did yesterday? Why the Christmas tree going? 0+ Development of tag questions from huh? Mature inversion of auxiliary and subject form.
Early Trilingualism: A Focus on Questions (Second Language Acquisition) by Julia Barnes